Emerson Elementary School

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Shoes-Friendly Reminder

Students are required to keep a pair of clean gym shoes for PE class at school.  The gym floor is swept every morning.  In an effort to keep it clean throughout the day, students are required to change into these gym shoes prior to coming to PE class, regardless of whether or not they wear gym shoes to school

Flavia Malloy

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Better Learners?

What does the research say? There is substantial evidence of a relationship between both physical activity and fitness and improved cognitive and executive functioning. These brain functions play a significant role in goal-directed behavior and the ability to concentrate. Improved executive functioning allows students to organize and prioritize tasks and information. 2, 3, 4 Regular physical activity, even short bouts, enhances various aspects of brain activity that affect academic performance, including learning, memory, concentration, and mood.5 How does it work? A growing body of evidence suggests a relationship between moderate to vigorous physical activity and the structure and function of the student brain. Active children show greater attention, have faster cognitive processing speed, and perform better on standardized academic tests than children who are less active.6 Cardiorespiratory fitness, a measure of how well the body can transport oxygen to its muscles during exercise, is also related to optimizing task performance across one’s lifespan as well as increasing academic achievement and test performance. Studies demonstrate that higher fit children display higher levels of cognitive control, better task performance, faster reaction times, enhanced working memory, and attention.7,8 Return on Investment: Fit students perform better academically Studies have shown time and again that there is a positive association between fitness and academic achievement, as measured by standardized tests and improved grades. This relationship has been observed in China, Illinois, Massachusetts, California, and Texas. 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 Higher fit children have been found to have enhanced math and reading abilities.15 Preliminary results from a 2010 study suggest that students in the Fitnessgram® “Healthy Fitness Zone” (HFZ) for cardiorespiratory fitness were two to four times more likely to meet or exceed the Illinois Standardized Achievement Test (ISAT) reading and math test requirements than students who were not.16 As fitness level increases, so does academic achievement.17 PE can improve performance in other academic classes The residual cognitive benefits of exercise have been found to last from 30 minutes to about 1 hour. 18, 19, 20, Physical education classes should be held before challenging academic subjects to take advantage of the residual effects of exercise on students’ abilities to focus, elevated concentration and improved cognitive skills resulting in higher academic scores.21 Research has found that longer doses (40 min) of exercise are more beneficial than shorter doses (20 min.).22 

Please follow the link to Enhancing Physical Education in Illinois for more information and citation of information above.  

http://www.isbe.net/EPE/pdf/reports-webinars/epe-fact-sheet.pdf

 

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